For Healthcare Providers

Identification of frailty and sarcopenia in hospitalised older people

I. Echeverria , A. Besga, B. Sanz, et al.

Eur J Clin Invest . 2020 Oct 5;e13420. doi: 10.1111/eci.13420.

People with frailty and/or sarcopenia have an increased risk of negative health outcomes. However, their diagnosis is often difficult. Considering the potential value of myostatin and follistatin as biomarkers of these conditions, we aimed to compare the association between both myokines and frailty and/or sarcopenia in post-hospitalised older people. In addition, the capability of myostatin and follistatin for identifying frailty and sarcopenia was compared with physical tests.

Dietary Fibre May Mitigate Sarcopenia Risk: Findings from the NU-AGE Cohort of Older European Adults

D. Montiel-Rojas, A. Nilsson, A. Santoro, et al.

Nutrients. 2020 Apr; 12(4): 1075. doi: 10.3390/nu12041075.

Sarcopenia is characterised by a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and physical function as well as related metabolic disturbances. While fibre-rich diets can influence metabolic health outcomes, the impact on skeletal muscle mass and function is yet to be determined, and the moderating effects by physical activity (PA) need to be considered.

Nutrition and Sarcopenia-What Do We Know?

A. Ganapathy, J.W. Nieves

Nutrients. 2020 Jun 11;12(6):E1755.doi: 10.3390/nu12061755.

In this paper, micronutrients, macronutrients, and food groups have been reviewed, along with their studied effects on the prevalence and incidence of sarcopenia, as well as their ability to preserve muscle mass and optimize physical performance.

Supplementation With Whey Protein, Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Polyphenols Combined With Electrical Muscle Stimulation Increases Muscle Strength in Elderly Adults With Limited Mobility: A Randomized Controlled Trial

C. Boutry-Regard, G. Vinyes-Parés, D. Breuillé, et al.

Nutrients .2020 Jun 23;12(6):E1866. doi: 10.3390/nu12061866.

Herein, we evaluate the effects of a combination of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) and a whey-based nutritional supplement (with or without polyphenols and fish oil-derived omega-3 fatty acids) on muscle function and size.

Association Between Dietary Habits and Physical Function in Brazilian and Italian Older Women

H.J. Coelho-Junior, R. Calvani, A. Picca, et al.

Nutrients. 2020 Jun 1;12(6):E1635. doi: 10.3390/nu12061635.

The present study investigated and compared the patterns of dietary protein intake and physical function in Brazilian and Italian older women.

Muscle Mass, Muscle Strength, and Physical Performance in Older People: An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

E. Gielen, D. Beckwée, A. Delaere, et al.

Nutr Rev. 2020;nuaa011. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuaa011.

The aim of this umbrella review was to provide an evidence-based overview of nutritional interventions targeting sarcopenia or at least 1 of the 3 sarcopenia criteria (ie, muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance) in persons aged ≥ 65 years.