Dla świadczeniodawców usług zdrowotnych

Changes in frailty status in a community-dwelling cohort of older adults: The VERISAÚDE study

L. Lorenzo-López, R. López-López, A. Maseda, et al.

Maturitas. 2019;119:54-60

Greater understanding of changes in the degree of frailty is important for clarifying the natural history of frailty and may help clinical decision-making regarding preventive interventions. The objectives of this study were to explore natural frailty transition rates at 1-year follow-up and to identify the main determinants of such transitions.

Dietary factors associated with the development of physical frailty in community-dwelling older adults

R. Otsuka, C. Tange, M. Tomida, et al.

J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(1):89-95

Nutrition plays an important role in the development of frailty, and the present prospective cohort study examined the association between energy, macronutrient, and food intake and the development of physical frailty.

Which frailty scale for patients admitted via Emergency Department? A cohort study

E.T. Lewis, E. Dent, H. Alkhouri, et al.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2019;80:104-114

The aim is to determine the prevalence of frailty in Emergency Departments (EDs); examine the ability of frailty to predict poor outcomes post-discharge; and identify the most appropriate instrument for routine ED use.

Quantifying appendicular muscle mass in geriatric inpatients: Performance of different single frequency BIA equations in comparison to dual X-ray absorptiometry

R. Reiter, B. Iglseder, W. Treschnitzer, et al.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2019;80:98-103

Quantification of skeletal muscle mass is mandatory for diagnosing sarcopenia, a highly prevalent geriatric syndrome. While dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the reference method in a clinical context, bioimpedance analysis (BIA) is more readily applicable on a broad scale. Recently BIA equations for the prediction of appendicular skeletal muscle mass in higher age groups have been published, but data on their performance in geriatric inpatients are lacking.

Physical Activity and Performance Impact Long-term Quality of Life in Older Adults at Risk for Major Mobility Disability

E.J. Groessl, R.M. Kaplan, W.J. Rejeski, et al.

Am J Prev Med. 2019;56(1):141-146

Physical activity interventions can slow the decline in quality of life, and targeting specific subgroups may enhance the effects of such interventions.

Systemic and Metabolic Signature of Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Y. Lu, L.G. Karagounis, T.P. Ng, et al.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019 Jan 8. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glz001. [Epub ahead of print]

The present cross-sectional study characterized the nutritional and metabolic profile of sarcopenia through an extensive exploration of a wide array of blood biomarkers related to muscle protein metabolism and transcriptomic signatures in community-dwelling elderly.