Pour les professionnels de la santé

Physical frailty in older men: prospective associations with diet quality and patterns

T.J. Parsons, E. Papachristou, J.L. Atkin, et al.

Age Ageing. 2019;48(3):355-360

Increasing numbers of older adults are living with frailty and its adverse consequences. We investigated relationships between diet quality or patterns and incident physical frailty in older British men and whether any associations were influenced by inflammation.

High flavonoid cocoa supplement ameliorates plasma oxidative stress and inflammation levels while improving mobility and quality of life in older subjects: a double blind randomized clinical trial

L. Munguia, I. Rubio-Gayosso, I. Ramirez-Sanchez, et al.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2019 May 6. pii: glz107. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glz107. [Epub ahead of print]

The age-related decline in mass, strength and performance of skeletal muscle is associated with loss of independence, falls risk, disability, institutionalization and death.

To determine whether a cocoa supplement enriched in flavonoids can improve plasma markers of oxidative stress and inflammation, physical performance and frailty in middle and older age subjects, we conducted a two-phase, randomized, double blind, clinical trial.

Effects of dietary patterns and low protein intake on sarcopenia risk in the very old: The Newcastle 85+ study

A. Granic, N. Mendonça, A.A. Sayer, et al.

Clin Nutr. 2019 Jan 21. pii: S0261-5614(19)30011-1. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2019.01.009. [Epub ahead of print]

The aim was to investigate the association between healthy dietary patterns DPs and the risk of sarcopenia over 3 years, and to determine whether protein intake influences this relationship in community-dwelling older adults from the Newcastle 85 + Study.

Higher protein intake is associated with a lower likelihood of frailty among older women, Kuopio OSTPRE-Fracture Prevention Study

M. Isanejad, J. Sirola, T. Rikkonen, et al.

Eur J Nutr. 2019 May 7. doi: 10.1007/s00394-019-01978-7. [Epub ahead of print]

Nordic nutrition recommendations (2012) suggest protein intake ≥ 1.1 g/kg body weight (BW) to preserve physical function in Nordic older adults. However, no published study has used this cut-off to evaluate the association between protein intake and frailty. This study examined associations between protein intake, and sources of protein intake, with frailty status at the 3-year follow-up.

Nutrient-rich, high-quality, protein-containing dairy foods in combination with exercise in aging persons to mitigate sarcopenia

S.M. Phillips, W. Martinson

Nutr Rev. 2019;77(4):216-229

This narrative review provides evidence to support a recommendation for per-meal protein targets in older persons that are underpinned by knowledge of muscle protein turnover.

Associations between dietary patterns at age 71 and the prevalence of sarcopenia 16 years later

M. Karlsson, W. Becker, K. Michaëlsson, et al.

Clin Nutr. 2019 Apr 18. pii: S0261-5614(19)30182-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2019.04.009. [Epub ahead of print]

The growing recognition of the significance of sarcopenia has highlighted the need to understand etiologic factors, where food intake likely plays a role. The aim was to investigate the association between dietary patterns at mean age 71 and the prevalence of sarcopenia at mean age 87 in a Swedish cohort of community dwelling men.

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