Identification of frailty and sarcopenia in hospitalised older people

I. Echeverria , A. Besga, B. Sanz, et al.

Eur J Clin Invest . 2020 Oct 5;e13420. doi: 10.1111/eci.13420.

People with frailty and/or sarcopenia have an increased risk of negative health outcomes. However, their diagnosis is often difficult. Considering the potential value of myostatin and follistatin as biomarkers of these conditions, we aimed to compare the association between both myokines and frailty and/or sarcopenia in post-hospitalised older people. In addition, the capability of myostatin and follistatin for identifying frailty and sarcopenia was compared with physical tests.


Dietary Fibre May Mitigate Sarcopenia Risk: Findings from the NU-AGE Cohort of Older European Adults

D. Montiel-Rojas, A. Nilsson, A. Santoro, et al.

Nutrients. 2020 Apr; 12(4): 1075. doi: 10.3390/nu12041075.

Sarcopenia is characterised by a progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and physical function as well as related metabolic disturbances. While fibre-rich diets can influence metabolic health outcomes, the impact on skeletal muscle mass and function is yet to be determined, and the moderating effects by physical activity (PA) need to be considered.


Supplementation With Whey Protein, Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Polyphenols Combined With Electrical Muscle Stimulation Increases Muscle Strength in Elderly Adults With Limited Mobility: A Randomized Controlled Trial

C. Boutry-Regard, G. Vinyes-Parés, D. Breuillé, et al.

Nutrients .2020 Jun 23;12(6):E1866. doi: 10.3390/nu12061866.

Herein, we evaluate the effects of a combination of electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) and a whey-based nutritional supplement (with or without polyphenols and fish oil-derived omega-3 fatty acids) on muscle function and size.


Muscle Mass, Muscle Strength, and Physical Performance in Older People: An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

E. Gielen, D. Beckwée, A. Delaere, et al.

Nutr Rev. 2020;nuaa011. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuaa011.

The aim of this umbrella review was to provide an evidence-based overview of nutritional interventions targeting sarcopenia or at least 1 of the 3 sarcopenia criteria (ie, muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance) in persons aged ≥ 65 years.


The Effects of Elastic Band Exercises and Nutritional Education on Frailty, Strength, and Nutritional Intake in Elderly Women

Y. Bong, W. Song

J Exerc Nutrition Biochem. 2020 Mar 31;24(1):37-45. doi: 10.20463/pan.2020.0007.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of elastic band exercises and nutritional education, as well as to identify the factors influencing frailty, strength, and nutritional intake of elderly women.


Effects of a Multicomponent Exercise Program in Physical Function and Muscle Mass in Sarcopenic/Pre-Sarcopenic Adults

H. Makizako, Y. Nakai, K. Tomioka, et al.

J Clin Med. 2020 May 8;9(5):E1386. doi: 10.3390/jcm9051386.

This study aimed to assess the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on physical function and muscle mass in older adults with sarcopenia or pre-sarcopenia. Moreover, we aim to standardize the exercise program for easy incorporation in the daily life of community-dwelling older adults as a secondary outcome.


The Relationship between Diet and Frailty in Aging

L. Gimeno-Mallench, E. Sanchez-Morate, S. Parejo-Pedrajas, et al. 

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2020 May 12. doi:10.2174/1871530320666200513083212

The increase in lifespan in the 20th century entails an increase in the elderly population. This brings a new challenge for society, causing people to have physical and mental limitations caused by age-related diseases, such as frailty.



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