Y.D. Liang, Q. Liu, M.H. Du, Z. Liu, S.M. Yao, P.P. Zheng, Y.H. Wan, N. Sun, Y.Y. Li, J.P. Liu, Y. Luo, J.P. Cai, J.F. Yang, H. Wang
Free Radic Biol Med. 2020 Mar 23;152:248-254. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.03.011. [Epub ahead of print]
The diagnosis of frailty is usually subjective, which calls for objective biomarkers in clinical medicine. 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGsn) and 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoGsn) in urine are two aging biomarkers that have not been explored deeply in cases of frailty.
A total of 508 elderly patients with cardiovascular disease (mean age 75.0 ± 6.5 years, 50.8% males) were enrolled consecutively. Frailty was assessed by the Fried phenotype (robust: 0 score; pre-frail: 1-2 scores; frail: 3-5 scores). The concentrations of 8-oxoGsn and 8-oxodGsn in urine were measured by improved ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Urinary creatinine (Cre) was tested to correct the 8-oxoGsn and 8-oxodGsn levels.
According to the Fried phenotype score, the proportions of robust, pre-frail, and frail subjects were 20.5% (104/508), 53.9% (274/508), and 25.6% (130/508), respectively. The urinary 8-oxoGsn/Cre (P < 0.001) differed significantly among these 3 groups, but the urinary 8-oxodGsn/Cre (P = 0.600) showed no marked difference. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression showed that the age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.090, P < 0.001), systolic blood pressure (OR = 0.981, P = 0.008), 8-oxoGsn/Cre (OR = 1.203, P = 0.007), hemoglobin (OR = 0.980, P = 0.007), and sodium (OR = 0.915, P = 0.044) were independently associated with frailty. The sensitivity and specificity to identify frailty were 53.08% and 71.96%, respectively, for 8-oxoGsn/Cre at the optimal cut-off value of 3.879 μmol/mol according to the maximal Youden index.
Comment: Urinary 8-oxoGsn, as a recognized biomarker of RNA oxidation, is independently associated with frailty in elderly patients with cardiovascular disease. However, the urinary 8-oxodGsn shows no obvious correlation with frailty. To obtain a better diagnostic performance for frailty, more biomarkers from different pathophysiological pathways should be explored in the future.