For Researchers

Handgrip Strength, Function, and Mortality in Older Adults: A Time-varying Approach

R.P. McGrath, B.M. Vincent, I.M. Lee, et al.

Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2018;50(11):2259-2266

The aim of this study is to determine the time-varying associations between 1) decreased handgrip strength and disabilities in each activity of daily living (ADL) function, and 2) disaggregated ADL limitations and time to mortality in older adults.

Sarcopenia: revised European consensus on definition and diagnosis

A.J. Cruz-Jentoft, G. Bahat, J. Bauer, Y. Boirie, et al.

Age Ageing. 2018 Oct 12. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afy169. [Epub ahead of print]

In 2010, the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) published a sarcopenia definition that aimed to foster advances in identifying and caring for people with sarcopenia. In early 2018, the Working Group met again (EWGSOP2) to update the original definition in order to reflect scientific and clinical evidence that has built over the last decade. This paper presents our updated findings.

The "Sarcopenia and Physical fRailty IN older people: multi-componenT Treatment strategies" (SPRINTT) randomized controlled trial: Case finding, screening and characteristics of eligible participants

E. Marzetti, M. Cesari, R. Calvani, et al.

Exp Gerontol. 2018;113:48-57

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Here, we describe the procedures followed for PF&S case finding and screening of candidate participants for the SPRINTT RCT. We also illustrate the main demographic and clinical characteristics of eligible screenees.

The impact of post-resistance exercise protein consumption on subsequent appetite and daily energy intake of sarcopenic older men: a pilot study

M. Maltais, M. Du Bois-Dit-Bonclaude, T. Amamou, et al.

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2018;30(9):1087-1092

Post-exercise consumption of protein supplements made from dairy products appear not to compromise daily nutritional behavior and does not confer the anticipated negative impact on nutritional intake in sarcopenic older men.

Effect of resistance training on inflammatory markers of older adults: A meta-analysis

A.V. Sardeli, C.M. Tomeleri, E.S. Cyrino, et al.

Exp Gerontol. 2018;111:188-196

Low-grade inflammation is associated with several deleterious health outcomes and may aggravate sarcopenia and dynapenia during aging. A strategy to alleviate these conditions is resistance training (RT). Thus, the aim was to critically examine the effects of regular RT on inflammatory markers of older adults from previous studies.

Role of Oral Nutritional Supplements Enriched with β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate in Maintaining Muscle Function and Improving Clinical Outcomes in Various Clinical Settings

A. Sanz-Paris, M. Camprubi-Robles, J.M. Lopez-Pedrosa, et al.

J Nutr Health Aging. 2018;22(6):664-675

Overall, current evidence suggests that therapeutic nutrition such as β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HP-ONS+HMB) seems to be a promising tool to mitigate the decline in muscle mass and preserve muscle function, especially during hospital rehabilitation and recovery.

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