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Exercise training increases skeletal muscle strength independent of hypertrophy in older adults aged 75 years and older

H. Lee, I.G. Kim, C. Sung, et al.

Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2019;19(3):265-270

We investigated whether exercise-mediated acquisition of muscle mass and strength would occur in a concurrent manner in older adults.

A total of 152 community-dwelling older adults (young-old aged 65-74 years, old-old aged >75 years) were allocated into either 8-week comprehensive exercise training or the control group.

The role of omega-3 in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia

J. Dupont, L. Dedeyne, S. Dalle, et al.

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2019 Feb 19. doi: 10.1007/s40520-019-01146-1. [Epub ahead of print]

This narrative review provides an overview of the current knowledge about omega-3 PUFAs and their role in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia. We conclude that there is growing evidence for a beneficial effect of omega-3 PUFAs supplementation in sarcopenic older persons, which may add to the effect of exercise and/or protein supplementation.

Prevalence of frailty in older people in Veneto (Italy)

A. Battaggia, A. Scalisi, B. Franco Novelletto, et al.

J Drug Assess. 2019;8(1):1-12

Both frailty and multimorbidity are strong predictors of clinical endpoints for older people. In Italy, the interventions targeting chronicity are mainly based on the treatment of diseases: sufficient epidemiological literature is available about these strategies. Less is known about the territorial distribution of the frailty status.

This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of frailty in older people (65+) and evaluating the relationship between frailty and multimorbidity. 

Cross-sectional associations of dietary and circulating magnesium with skeletal muscle mass in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort

R.P.G. Hayhoe, M.A.H. Lentjes, A.A. Mulligan, et al.

Clin Nutr.38(1):317-323

This study aimed to investigate the influence of dietary and circulating magnesium on skeletal muscle mass in a UK population of 14,340 middle to older-aged men and women participating in the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study.

Biological Processes and Biomarkers Related to Frailty in Older Adults: A State-of-the-Science Literature Review

J. Wang, C.A. Maxwell, F. Yu

Biol Res Nurs. 2019;21(1):80-106

The objectives of this literature review were to (1) synthesize biological processes linked to frailty and their corresponding biomarkers and (2) identify potential associations among these processes and biomarkers.

Relationship between nutritional status and frailty in hospitalized older patients

X. Hong, J. Yan, L. Xu, et al.

Clin Interv Aging. 2019;14:105-111

The definition of frailty still lacks quantitative biomarkers. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between nutrition-related biomarkers and frailty in hospitalized older patients.