For Healthcare Providers

Muscle mass and strength gains following 6 months of resistance type exercise training are only partly preserved within one year with autonomous exercise continuation in older adults

T. Snijders, M. Leenders, L.C.P.G.M. de Groot, et al.

Exp Gerontol. 2019;121:71-78.

Although resistance type exercise training (RT) effectively increases muscle mass and strength in older individuals, it remains unclear whether gains in muscle mass and strength are maintained without continued supervised training. We assessed the capacity of older individuals to maintain muscle mass and strength gains one year after partaking in a successful RT program.

Dietary Patterns, Skeletal Muscle Health, and Sarcopenia in Older Adults

A. Granic, A.A. Sayer, S.M. Robinson

Nutrients. 2019 Mar 30;11(4). pii: E745. doi: 10.3390/nu11040745.

The prevalence of sarcopenia increases with age and leads to high personal, social, and economic costs. Finding adequate nutritional measures to maintain muscle health, preserve function, and independence for the growing population of older adults would have important scientific and societal implications.

The Impact of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors on Frailty Levels

D.S. Kehler, O. Theou

Mech Ageing Dev. 2019 Mar 26. pii: S0047-6374(18)30244-6. doi: 10.1016/j.mad.2019.03.004. [Epub ahead of print]

Here, we summarize epidemiological and clinical trial evidence concerning the impact of physical activity and sedentary behaviors on frailty levels. We also analysed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data to describe physical activity and sedentary behavior accumulation patterns across frailty levels and their impact on mortality risk.

Nutritional interventions to prevent and treat frailty

A.J. Cruz-Jentoft, J. Woo

Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2019 Feb 18. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000556. [Epub ahead of print]

Frailty is a multidimensional condition common in older adults, where reduced resiliency leads to adverse outcomes. It has strong links with malnutrition and sarcopenia, mostly through muscle health. This review explores the links between nutrition and frailty from different perspectives.

Can Physical Activity Offset the Detrimental Consequences of Sedentary Time on Frailty? A Moderation Analysis in 749 Older Adults Measured With Accelerometers

A. Mañas, B.D. Pozo-Cruz, I. Rodríguez-Gómez, et al.

J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2019 Feb 6. pii: S1525-8610(18)30719-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.12.012. [Epub ahead of print]

The Johnson-Neyman technique determined that the estimated moderate-to-vigorous physical activity point was 27.25 minutes/d, from which sedentary time has no significant effect on frailty.

The feasibility of assessing frailty and sarcopenia in hospitalised older people: a comparison of commonly used tools

K. Ibrahim, F.F.A. Howson, D.J. Culliford, et al.

BMC Geriatr. 2019;19(1):42

Frailty and sarcopenia are common amongst hospitalised older people and associated with poor healthcare outcomes. Widely recognised tools for their identification are the Fried Frailty Phenotype, its self-report version the FRAIL Scale, and the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria. We studied the feasibility of using these tools in a hospital setting of acute wards for older people.