For Healthcare Providers

Physical Frailty: ICFSR International Clinical Practice Guidelines for Identification and Management

E. Dent, J.E. Morley, A.J. Cruz-Jentoft, et al.

J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(9):771-787

The task force of the International Conference of Frailty and Sarcopenia Research (ICFSR) developed these clinical practice guidelines to overview the current evidence-base and to provide recommendations for the identification and management of frailty in older adults.

Screening Community-Living Older Adults for Protein Energy Malnutrition and Frailty: Update and Next Steps

J.T. Dwyer, J.J. Gahche, M. Weiler, et al.

J Community Health. 2019 Sep 30. doi: 10.1007/s10900-019-00739-1. [Epub ahead of print]

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM)/undernutrition and frailty are prevalent, overlapping conditions impacting on functional and health outcomes of older adults, but are frequently unidentified and untreated in community settings in the United States. Using the World Health Organization criteria for effective screening programs, we reviewed validity, reliability, and feasibility of data-driven screening tools for identifying PEM and frailty risk among community-dwelling older adults.

The inter-relationship between marginal vitamin D deficiency and muscle

V. Kamwa, Z.K. Hassan-Smith

Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2019 Sep 30. doi: 10.1097/MED.0000000000000504. [Epub ahead of print]

The aim is to review the recent literature on the interplay between mild vitamin D deficiency and skeletal muscle strength and performance.

Sarcopenia: A Time for Action. An SCWD Position Paper

J. Bauer, J.E. Morley, A.M.W.J. Schols, et al.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2019 Sep 15. doi: 10.1002/jcsm.12483. [Epub ahead of print]

There is a need for more clinical research into the appropriate measurement for muscle mass and the management of sarcopenia. Accordingly, this position statement provides recommendations on the management of sarcopenia and how to progress the knowledge and recognition of sarcopenia.

Tai Chi and whole-body vibrating therapy in sarcopenic men in advanced old age: a clinical randomized controlled trial

Y.Q. Zhu, N. Peng, M. Zhou, et al.

Eur J Ageing. 2019;16(3):273-282

This study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi (TC) and whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in sarcopenic men in advanced old age.

Health Benefits of β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate (HMB) Supplementation in Addition to Physical Exercise in Older Adults: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

J. Courel-Ibáñez, T. Vetrovsky, K. Dadova, et al.

Nutrients. 2019;11(9)

Both regular exercise training and beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation are shown as effective treatments to delay or reverse frailty and reduce cognitive impairment in older people. However, there is very little evidence on the true benefits of combining both strategies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the effects of exercise in addition to HMB supplementation, on physical and cognitive health in older adults.

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