For Healthcare Providers

Tai Chi and whole-body vibrating therapy in sarcopenic men in advanced old age: a clinical randomized controlled trial

Y.Q. Zhu, N. Peng, M. Zhou, et al.

Eur J Ageing. 2019;16(3):273-282

This study was to investigate the effects of Tai Chi (TC) and whole-body vibration (WBV) exercise in sarcopenic men in advanced old age.

Health Benefits of β-Hydroxy-β-Methylbutyrate (HMB) Supplementation in Addition to Physical Exercise in Older Adults: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

J. Courel-Ibáñez, T. Vetrovsky, K. Dadova, et al.

Nutrients. 2019;11(9)

Both regular exercise training and beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation are shown as effective treatments to delay or reverse frailty and reduce cognitive impairment in older people. However, there is very little evidence on the true benefits of combining both strategies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the effects of exercise in addition to HMB supplementation, on physical and cognitive health in older adults.

Efficacy of Nutritional Interventions as Stand-Alone or Synergistic Treatments with Exercise for the Management of Sarcopenia

S. Damanti, D. Azzolino, C. Roncaglione, et al.

Nutrients. 2019;11(9)

At present, the only strategies for the management of sarcopenia are mainly based on nutritional and physical exercise interventions. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview on the role of proteins and other key nutrients, alone or in combination with physical exercise, on muscle parameters.

The Role of Muscle Mass Gain Following Protein Supplementation Plus Exercise Therapy in Older Adults with Sarcopenia and Frailty Risks: A Systematic Review and Meta-Regression Analysis of Randomized Trials

C.D. Liao, H.C. Chen, S.W. Huang, et al.

Nutrients. 2019;11(8). pii: E1713. doi: 10.3390/nu11081713.

Aging and frailty are associated with a high risk of lean mass (LM) loss, which leads to physical disability and can be effectively alleviated by protein supplementation (PS) and muscle strengthening exercise (MSE). In this study, the associations between LM gain and PS + MSE efficacy (measured using physical outcomes) in elderly patients with a high risk of sarcopenia or frailty were identified.

Medium-chain triglycerides (8:0 and 10:0) are promising nutrients for sarcopenia: a randomized controlled trial

S. Abe, O. Ezaki, M. Suzuki

Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Jul 23. pii: nqz138. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/nqz138. [Epub ahead of print]

The combined supplementation of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), l-leucine-rich amino acids, and cholecalciferol was previously shown to increase muscle strength and function in frail elderly individuals.

We examined whether treatment with MCTs alone is sufficient to increase muscle strength and function and activities of daily living (ADL) in such individuals.

The impact of muscle function, muscle mass and sarcopenia on independent ageing in very old Swedish men

K. Franzon, B. Zethelius, T. Cederholm, et al.

BMC Geriatr. 2019;19(1):153

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sarcopenia, and its underlying components, on independent ageing in a cohort study of very old men.