For Healthcare Providers

Effects of a Multicomponent Exercise Program in Physical Function and Muscle Mass in Sarcopenic/Pre-Sarcopenic Adults

H. Makizako, Y. Nakai, K. Tomioka, et al.

J Clin Med. 2020 May 8;9(5):E1386. doi: 10.3390/jcm9051386.

This study aimed to assess the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on physical function and muscle mass in older adults with sarcopenia or pre-sarcopenia. Moreover, we aim to standardize the exercise program for easy incorporation in the daily life of community-dwelling older adults as a secondary outcome.

The Relationship between Diet and Frailty in Aging

L. Gimeno-Mallench, E. Sanchez-Morate, S. Parejo-Pedrajas, et al. 

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2020 May 12. doi:10.2174/1871530320666200513083212

The increase in lifespan in the 20th century entails an increase in the elderly population. This brings a new challenge for society, causing people to have physical and mental limitations caused by age-related diseases, such as frailty.

Sarcopenia: A Contemporary Health Problem among Older Adult Populations

S.K. Papadopoulou 

Nutrients. 2020 May 1;12(5). pii: E1293. doi: 10.3390/nu12051293.

This review aims to report the prevalence of sarcopenia in older adults, its etiology, prevention, and treatment techniques.

Macronutrient composition and sarcopenia in the oldest-old men: The Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS)

S.K. Jyväkorpi, A. Urtamo, M. Kivimäki, et al.

Clin Nutr. 2020 Apr 24. pii: S0261-5614(20)30195-3. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.04.024. [Epub ahead of print]

Sarcopenia is associated with increased risk for several adverse health outcomes including frailty, disability, loss of independence, and mortality. We examined cross-sectional associations between sarcopenia and detailed dietary macronutrient composition in community-living oldest-old men (mean age 87).

Frailty, Sarcopenia, and Malnutrition Frequently (Co-)occur in Hospitalized Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

G.C. Ligthart-Melis, Y.C. Luiking, A. Kakourou, et al.

J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2020 Apr 20. pii: S1525-8610(20)30251-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2020.03.006. [Epub ahead of print]

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the prevalence of, and association between, physical frailty or sarcopenia and malnutrition in older hospitalized adults.

Content of exercise programmes targeting older people with sarcopenia or frailty - findings from a UK survey

M.D. Witham, M. Chawner, S. Biase, et al.

J Frailty Sarcopenia Falls. 2020 Mar 1;5(1):17-23. doi: 10.22540/JFSF-05-017. eCollection 2020 Mar.

The aim was to establish whether existing exercise programmes offered to people with sarcopenia or frailty adhere to the current evidence base.

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