For Healthcare Providers

The impact of muscle function, muscle mass and sarcopenia on independent ageing in very old Swedish men

K. Franzon, B. Zethelius, T. Cederholm, et al.

BMC Geriatr. 2019;19(1):153

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of sarcopenia, and its underlying components, on independent ageing in a cohort study of very old men.

Malnutrition and sarcopenia

C.C. Sieber

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2019;31(6):793-798

Risk for or established malnutrition is frequent in older adults, accompanied by functional limitations, increased morbidity and mortality. Protein-energy malnutrition is often observed and leads besides other predisposing factors to sarcopenia, the increased loss of muscle mass with aging.

Exercise Interventions for the Prevention and Treatment of Sarcopenia. A Systematic Umbrella Review

D. Beckwée, A. Delaere, S. Aelbrecht, et al.

J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(6):494-502

The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the efficacy of different exercise interventions to counter sarcopenia in older adults. This review will allow the Belgian Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics and other scientific societies to formulate specific exercise recommendations in their Clinical Guidelines for Sarcopenia.

A high whey protein, vitamin D and E supplement preserves muscle mass, strength, and quality of life in sarcopenic older adults: A double-blind randomized controlled trial

Y. Bo, C. Liu, Z. Ji, et al.

Clin Nutr. 2019;38(1):159-164

Sarcopenia, an age-related decline of muscle mass, strength, and physical function, was associated with falls, frailty, and poor quality of life. The aim of the current study is to examine the effect of nutritional supplement containing whey protein, vitamin D and E on measures of sarcopenia.

The Effect of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) on Sarcopenia and Functional Frailty in Older Persons: A Systematic Review

J. Oktaviana, J. Zanker, S. Vogrin, et al.

J Nutr Health Aging. 2019;23(2):145-150

Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) has been shown to be effective and superior to other types of protein supplements to attenuate loss of muscle mass, strength and function, however, its benefits in sarcopenic and frail older people remain unclear.

We seek to determine the effect of HMB on muscle mass, strength and function in older people with sarcopenia or frailty by reviewing results from available randomized controlled trials (RCTs).

Effects of branched-chain amino acids and vitamin D supplementation on physical function, muscle mass and strength, and nutritional status in sarcopenic older adults undergoing hospital-based rehabilitation: A multicenter randomized controlled trial

I. Takeuchi, Y. Yoshimura, S. Shimaz, et al.

Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2019;19(1):12-17

The aim was to investigate the effects of branched-chain amino acids and vitamin D supplementation on physical function, muscle strength, muscle mass, and nutritional status in sarcopenic older adults undergoing hospital-based rehabilitation.