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Muscle Mass, Muscle Strength, and Physical Performance in Older People: An Umbrella Review of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

E. Gielen, D. Beckwée, A. Delaere, et al.

Nutr Rev. 2020;nuaa011. doi:10.1093/nutrit/nuaa011.

The aim of this umbrella review was to provide an evidence-based overview of nutritional interventions targeting sarcopenia or at least 1 of the 3 sarcopenia criteria (ie, muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance) in persons aged ≥ 65 years.

The Effects of Elastic Band Exercises and Nutritional Education on Frailty, Strength, and Nutritional Intake in Elderly Women

Y. Bong, W. Song

J Exerc Nutrition Biochem. 2020 Mar 31;24(1):37-45. doi: 10.20463/pan.2020.0007.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of elastic band exercises and nutritional education, as well as to identify the factors influencing frailty, strength, and nutritional intake of elderly women.

Effects of a Multicomponent Exercise Program in Physical Function and Muscle Mass in Sarcopenic/Pre-Sarcopenic Adults

H. Makizako, Y. Nakai, K. Tomioka, et al.

J Clin Med. 2020 May 8;9(5):E1386. doi: 10.3390/jcm9051386.

This study aimed to assess the effects of a multicomponent exercise program on physical function and muscle mass in older adults with sarcopenia or pre-sarcopenia. Moreover, we aim to standardize the exercise program for easy incorporation in the daily life of community-dwelling older adults as a secondary outcome.

The Relationship between Diet and Frailty in Aging

L. Gimeno-Mallench, E. Sanchez-Morate, S. Parejo-Pedrajas, et al. 

Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets. 2020 May 12. doi:10.2174/1871530320666200513083212

The increase in lifespan in the 20th century entails an increase in the elderly population. This brings a new challenge for society, causing people to have physical and mental limitations caused by age-related diseases, such as frailty.

Sarcopenia: A Contemporary Health Problem among Older Adult Populations

S.K. Papadopoulou 

Nutrients. 2020 May 1;12(5). pii: E1293. doi: 10.3390/nu12051293.

This review aims to report the prevalence of sarcopenia in older adults, its etiology, prevention, and treatment techniques.

Macronutrient composition and sarcopenia in the oldest-old men: The Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS)

S.K. Jyväkorpi, A. Urtamo, M. Kivimäki, et al.

Clin Nutr. 2020 Apr 24. pii: S0261-5614(20)30195-3. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2020.04.024. [Epub ahead of print]

Sarcopenia is associated with increased risk for several adverse health outcomes including frailty, disability, loss of independence, and mortality. We examined cross-sectional associations between sarcopenia and detailed dietary macronutrient composition in community-living oldest-old men (mean age 87).

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